World Journal of
Pharmaceutical and Life Sciences

( An ISO 9001:2015 Certified International Journal )

An International Peer Reviewed Journal for Pharmaceutical and Life Sciences
An Official Publication of Society for Advance Healthcare Research (Reg. No. : 01/01/01/31674/16)
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Abstract

STUDY OF WATER QUALITY IN SLUM AREAS OF BHOPAL CITY WITH SPECIAL REFERENCE TO CURRENT STATUS OF DOMESTIC WATER QUALITY & HYGIENE MANAGEMENT

Dr. Shobha Shrivastava*

ABSTRACT

Water is one of the most important natural resources and plays a vital role in human life, but it is not always in the right place, available at the right time or of the right quality. Industrialization, as well as urbanization, affects physicochemical quality of water leads to its spoilage. On the other hand microbiological quality changes due to improper sewage and sanitary systems and illiteracy. Thus, the importance of water quality assessment has been a compelling. Fact for avoiding environmental risks and maintenance of healthy atmosphere. Depleting ground water level and deteriorating ground water quality are threatening water supply in many parts of India. The socio-economic cost of water pollution is extremely high: 1.5 million children under 5 years die each year and country loses about Rs- 366 billion each year due to water related diseases .These figures only suggest that the abetment of pollution is socially desirable and economically justified. With the rapid growth in population in India and massive rural to urban movement there happened to an increase in slum the population in urban areas that may project to 104 million or 9% of total projected national population of 1.28 billion by 2017 (Times of India, 2013). Water sanitation and hygiene have important impact on both health and diseases and any deterioration in its quality have direct impact on human population especially in slum areas. According to current estimate, inadequate drinking water, sanitation and hygiene causes 842000 diarrheal. Disease deaths per year (WHO 2014). All these facts and issues compels to assess the drinking water quality at physic-chemical and microbiological parameters and create a community awareness in slum areas of Bhopal for sustainability, resource conservation and socio-economical of M.P State’s Capital.

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