World Journal of
Pharmaceutical and Life Sciences

( An ISO 9001:2015 Certified International Journal )

An International Peer Reviewed Journal for Pharmaceutical and Life Sciences
An Official Publication of Society for Advance Healthcare Research (Reg. No. : 01/01/01/31674/16)
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Ummay Ayman and Dr. Shonkor Kumar Das*


Diabetes mellitus is a public health problem which leads to serious complications over time and is identified as one of the main threats to human health in the 21st century. Diabetes is one of four priority non-communicable diseases (NCDs) targeted for action by world leaders. Diabetes Mellitus (DM) is a fifth fastest growing disorder and entailing a huge financial burden and multiple medical policy issues. The management of diabetes is still a major challenge. All the existing therapies of diabetes have limited efficacy, confined tolerability and/or significant mechanism based side effects. Thus there is great demand for research on natural products with anti-diabetic properties. Numerous studies have confirmed that the plant drugs and formulations are considered to be less hazardous and free from side effects than the synthetic ones. The World Health Organization (WHO) has listed 21,000 plants, which are used for medicinal purposes around the world. Medicinal plants and phyto-constituents play an important role in the management of diabetes mellitus especially in developing countries where resources are meagre. Additionally, lifestyle and particularly dietary habits play an important role in the development of diabetes. On the other hand, specific individual food groups and diet components such as monounsaturated fatty acids, fruits, vegetables, whole grain cereals, dietary fiber, fish, magnesium and nuts may protect against the development of diabetes, possibly through the amelioration of insulin sensitivity and its anti-inflammatory actions, while consumption of red and processed meats and saturated fat may increase the risk of type 2 diabetes. A comprehensive review was conducted to pile up information about medicinal plants used for the treatment of diabetes along with plant parts used and its active chemical constituents. In this review article, emphasis is also given on the role of diet and life style in the management of diabetes.

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