World Journal of
Pharmaceutical and Life Sciences

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An International Peer Reviewed Journal for Pharmaceutical and Life Sciences
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Patel N. P., Talekar S. H.*, Vishnudeo Kumar, Bhatt R. H., Trangadia B. J., Dodia V. D., Padaliya N. R.


The present study entitled “Ultrasonographic studies of mammary gland affections in Gir cows” was conducted to establish technique of ultrasonography for diagnosis of mammary gland affections in Gir cows. The present clinical study was conducted on 100 Gir cows presented to Department of Veterinary Surgery and Radiology, COVSAH, KU, Junagadh during study period. In present clinical work mammary gland affections i.e., involvement of single teat affections were highest (46.51%), followed by double teat (25.58%), four teat (18.60%) and triple teat (6.97%). Teat obstruction contributed for the highest number of cases (42) followed by mastitis (33), udder fibrosis (15), udder abscess (06), and teat fistula (04). In Gir cows, the majority of milk flow problems occurred between the ages of 3-6 years followed by 6 years and above. The present study revealed that the average number of lactation or parity of the bovines were 2.94±0.23. In Gir cow, milk flow disorders were most common during the second parity, followed by third parity. The average milk yield of the different groups studied was 12.50±1.72 Kgs. The highest milk yield was recorded in group II (teat fistula) was 21.15±2.85 Kg. In group V (udder fibrosis) milk yield was nil and group Id (complete teat obstruction) had the lowest milk yield of 2.06±1.20 Kg.

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