World Journal of
Pharmaceutical and Life Sciences

( An ISO 9001:2015 Certified International Journal )

An International Peer Reviewed Journal for Pharmaceutical and Life Sciences
An Official Publication of Society for Advance Healthcare Research (Reg. No. : 01/01/01/31674/16)
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Abstract

PRESCRIPTION PATTERN OF PSYCHOTROPIC DRUGS IN ADULT PATIENTS ATTENDING TO PSYCHIATRIC OUTPATIENT DEPARTMENT AT A TERTIARY CARE HOSPITAL IN MANDYA: A CROSS SECTIONAL STUDY

Vishwas A. T. L.*, Ajisha K. V., Agna K., Pranoy S. Sankar and Jeena Sara Joy

ABSTRACT

Background: Psychotropic drugs are commonly preferred in psychiatric department to treat various illnesses. Drug prescribing type of studies helps to evaluate rational and cost-effective treatment. Objectives: To describe the drug prescription pattern of psychotropic drugs and common psychiatric polypharmacy in psychiatric outpatient department. Methodology: This is a prospective cross-sectional study was conducted for a period of 6 months in a psychiatric outpatient department. Results: Among 340 prescriptions higher incidence was found in males (53.82%). The majority of patients belong to the category of age 30-39 years (31.17%). Most of the patients suffered from psychosis (22.05%). Among 5 different classes of psychotropic drugs the commonly prescribed class of drug is antianxiety (31.53%). Totally 612 drugs were prescribed in 340 patients, clonazepam (14.54%) was the most commonly prescribed individual drug. Hypertension was the most common (3.23%) co morbid condition and other psychiatric drugs (3.23%) were commonly prescribed for comorbid condition. Most of the patients were prescribed with monotherapy 152 (44%). Oral route 97.86% was commonly preferred. Conclusion: Our study concludes that male patients are more visited to psychiatric outpatient department and age group 30-39. Among the patient’s majority are suffering from psychosis disorder. Majority of patients were prescribed with anti-anxiety class of drugs and Clonazepam was most preferred individual drug among other psychotropic drugs. Commonly monotherapy was given to achieve the optimum therapeutic effect.

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