World Journal of
Pharmaceutical and Life Sciences

( An ISO 9001:2015 Certified International Journal )

An International Peer Reviewed Journal for Pharmaceutical and Life Sciences
An Official Publication of Society for Advance Healthcare Research (Reg. No. : 01/01/01/31674/16)
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Abstract

DIVERSITY OF ENDOPHYTIC FUNGI ASSOCIATED WITH BARK TISSUES IN IMPORTANCE MEDICINAL PLANTS FROM DELTA REGION OF TAMIL NADU

*Venkatesan Govindan and P. S. Sharavanan

ABSTRACT

Background and Objectives: Endophytes are microorganisms that generally reside within plant tissues. These microorganisms interact with the host plants and that part of life cycle that could disclose protective functions towards the host. The present study involves a diversity of the endophytic fungal community from five medicinal tree species growing in the territorial area of Tamil Nadu was examined to both dry and wet seasons for the presence of fungi species. Materials and Methods: These medicinal plants belong to four families, such as Fabaceae, Moraceae, Sapotaceae and Combretaceae. The fungal diversity was found in different plant tissue specificities of diverse. The bark fungi were more varied, we assessed the completeness of the sampling of this group of fungi by using the Colonization Frequency, Relative Percentage of Occurrence of fungal groups and Principal Component Analysis performed for the endophytes fungi. Results: These trees are recorded with 2420 phellophytes (bark fungi) isolates from 3000 bark segments during dry and wet seasons. These isolates varied seasonally, with 1024 fungal species during the dry season, and 924 during the wet season. Some ascomycetes, coelomycetes, hyphomycetes, and zygomycetes of the fungal species were routinely isolated, the coelomycetes species were recovered to the high diversity, and these dominated. Conclusion: The fungal assemblages were varied for the tissues’ specificity. Even though, the fungal diversity was increased during the wet and dry seasons. These results indicated that a diverse endophytic fungal population has presences in medicinal plants' bark.

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