SEED SURFACE CHARACTERISTICS AND PRELIMINARY PHYTOCHEMICAL ANALYSIS OF Centratherum anthelminticum (L.) Kuntze. OF FAMILY ASTERACEAE (COMPOSITAE)
Ulhe P. P.*
Ulhe P. P.*
The Centratherum anthelminticum (L.)Kuntze. is an important medicinal plant belonging to family Asteraceae (Compositae). The fresh powder for preliminary phytochemical analysis and seed coat study were carried out to determine its micromorphological characters. The seeds of Centratherum anthelminticum (L.) Kuntze. used for morphological and anatomical study. For morphological observations of seedcoat shows awned pappus scales with number of ridges, trichome or hairy deposition on the surface. In seedcoat anatomy shows the well ornamented surface features. Presence of outer epidermis wavy, globoidal aluerone grains and lipid globules, vascular bundle, integumental layer thin. Medicinally seeds are very important. Protein concentration observed in the seed sample. In preliminary phytochemical analysis of seed sample observed various component present in it. The phytochemical analysis of seeds shows photochemical like steroids, terpenoids, tannins flavonoids, alkaloids, saponines, carbohydrates, glycosides, phenolic compounds present in it. Ethyl acetate, ethanol, methanol used as an extract. Surface characters and anatomical characters of seed coat solved various problems related to taxonomic level. It is used in the preperations of many ayurvedic drugs also on asthma, kidney troubles and cough, psoriasis, skin disorder etc. So preliminary phytochemical analysis of medicinal plants is essential to discover and develop theruptic efficacy and helps in new drug discovery which is beneficial in phytomedicine.[Full Text Article]
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