World Journal of
Pharmaceutical and Life Sciences

( An ISO 9001:2015 Certified International Journal )

An International Peer Reviewed Journal for Pharmaceutical and Life Sciences
An Official Publication of Society for Advance Healthcare Research (Reg. No. : 01/01/01/31674/16)
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Abstract

EVALUATE THE KNOWLEDGE, ATTITUDE, AND PRACTICE TOWARD ANTIBIOTIC USE AMONG JORDANIAN PATIENTS

*Alaa Abu-Rumman, Mutazbellah Alzubi, Mahdi Al-Rahaleh, Ahmad Heasat, Maher Bani-Younes

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Since their discovery, antibiotics have played an important role in the management and treatment of infectious diseases. However, its effectiveness is drastically reduced due to the appearance of resistant microorganisms. Infection with resistant organisms is associated with delayed treatment, longer hospital stays, higher mortality, polypharmacy, more laboratory tests, and other treatment costs. The misuse of antibiotics can be the result of a complex interaction between several factors: the behavior, knowledge, the uncertainty of the diagnosis, the needs of the patient, poor doctor-patient interaction and macro factors such as social policies, economic, regulatory and other.In addition, patients' knowledge, beliefs and attitudes, expectations, and experiences with antibiotics have major contributing factors. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to examine the general knowledge and attitudes towards antibiotic use among Jordanian patients. Method: A cross-sectional unit-based study will be conduct at King Hussies Hospital in Jordan. 110 Patients will randomly select whom to contact at their internal and surgical clinic. Only 100 of them completed the questionnaire. Respondents who are health professionals are not included in this study. Data will collect by three pharmacists and one nurse. The questionnaires will use four sections. The data will analyze using SPSS analytic technique. Result: The majority of respondent were male (58%). 20% of woman were house wife. More than halve of respondent were over than 30 years old .43% of respondents reported that antibiotics act toward bacteria.88% reported that antibiotics work against viral infections. 53% of respondents show negative action about If they have skin reactions while taking antibiotics, stop using those same antibiotics The majority of respondents agree with statement "they think friends can take antibiotics or relatives without prior consultation with a physician". More than third of them always use any antibiotic without considering the food.55% of them never rest and wait the infection will go away on its own when they get infection. Conclusion: This study reports on the widespread use of antimicrobial, most of which are available without a prescription. Respondents showed little knowledge, especially about the role of antibiotics in mild viral illnesses. Therefore, raising awareness about the use of antibiotics and its relationship to drug resistance is essential to encourage the prudent use of antibiotics.

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