World Journal of
Pharmaceutical and Life Sciences

( An ISO 9001:2015 Certified International Journal )

An International Peer Reviewed Journal for Pharmaceutical and Life Sciences
An Official Publication of Society for Advance Healthcare Research (Reg. No. : 01/01/01/31674/16)
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*Mohd. Saadim, Dr. Ashok Kumar Dwivedi, Dr. Renu Tripathi and Dr. Mini K. V.


As gyan of Ayurveda was given in „sutra roopa? by Acharyas, many topics and concepts in Ayurvedic classics are hidden or under cover. There are total „Ekadash Indriyas? mentioned in Ayurveda, out of which five are Karmendyiyas, five are Gyanendriyas and one Manas which is known to be Ubhayatmaka. Acharya Charak has told five types of Gyanendriyas- Ghranendriya, Sparshanendriya, Chakshurendriya, Rasanendriya and Shravanendriya. He also described their sites, functions, compositions and properties Twak/ Twacha or Skin is the largest organ of the body which covers the whole body and is Adhishthan (seat) of Sparshanendriya. Structurally it has got many layers according to Ayurveda and Modern Science but when we talk about Sparshanendriya, it is a matter of concern that which layer or special structure is there in twak which can be considered as Sparshanendriya. Present paper is an effort made to compile and analyse the knowledge present in Ayurvedic classics about „Twak Sharir with special reference to Tamra Twak correlate it with modern science for better understanding of the subject.

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