World Journal of
Pharmaceutical and Life Sciences

( An ISO 9001:2015 Certified International Journal )

An International Peer Reviewed Journal for Pharmaceutical and Life Sciences
An Official Publication of Society for Advance Healthcare Research (Reg. No. : 01/01/01/31674/16)
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Abstract

SOIL TRAP CULTURE OF AM FUNGI ASSOCIATED IN DENDROCALAMUS SPECIES FROM WADALI, AMRAVATI (M.S.)

K. G. Wankhade, Dr. R. C. Maggirwar* and S. P. Khodke

ABSTRACT

Among the microbial communities Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi (AMF) forms symbiotic association with the roots of most plant species and the major effect of AMF infection on host plants is enhanced nutrient mobilization. Bamboo is called as “Green Gold” because it has endless uses. It is the versatile forest produce, and also one of the most important renewable natural resources which have capability to produce maximum biomass as compared to other forest plants and a vehicle to boost the rural economy in our country. Bamboo resources have considerably dwindled from the natural habitats due to exploitation, shifting cultivation, gregarious flowering and extensive forest fires. Therefore, system cultivation and their scientific management can ensure sustainable production. Hence, there is a need to take efforts for making bamboo a supplementary business for agriculture along with its conservation and nurturing. Most studies on bamboo have evaluated their commercial use but few have investigated their associated mycorrhizal fungi. To address scantiness of the mycorrhizal studies in bamboo, we have investigated Arbuscular Mycorrhizal fungal (AMF) distribution in three species of Dendrocalamus. Average AMF spore count was found to be 220 to 290, percent root colonization was 37.66 to 71.33%. The predominant strain of AMF associated with bamboo species was Glomus fecundisporum N.C. Schenck and G.S. Smith. The attempt has been made for the soil trap culture of this most dominant AMF species. It may be used to develop the monoculture and on large scale as a bio fertilizer. These results could be of potential interest to growers who wish to cultivate Bamboo species. The native most dominant and some other species of AMF can be taken into account in near future as bio fertilizer after its mass multiplication. Bamboo business will also prove financially beneficial for the farmers of Vidarbha region if it is of better quality and supplied with nature’s own bio fertilizer.

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