STUDY ON GODAVARI RIVER WATER QUALITY ASSESSMENT
Dr. Anil Khole*
Dr. Anil Khole*
River is a natural flowing watercourse, usually freshwater, which is flowing towards an ocean, sea, lake or another river. In some cases, a river flows into the ground and becomes dry at the end of its course without reaching another body of water. The five longest rivers of the world are Nile (flows from South to North through earth Africa), Amazon (flows in South America), Yangtze (flows in China), Mississippi (flows in North America) and Yenisei (flows from central Russia) river. The World Rivers have a special role to carry water and nutrients to areas all around the Earth. They play a very important part in the water cycle, acting as drainage channels for surface water. Rivers provide excellent habitat and food for many of the earth?s organisms. The rivers of India play an important role in the lives of Indian People. River systems provide irrigation, potable water, cheap transportation, electricity, as well as provide livelihood for a large number of people all over the country. Rivers are important for a country?s economy because they play an important role in the irrigation and industrial field. An irrigation and industrialization sector boosts countries economy. The rivers of India play an important role in the lives of the people and nearly all the major cities of the country are located by the banks of it. The river also has an important role in the Hindu Religion and is considered holy by all Hindus in the country. India has seven major rivers along with their numerous tributaries make up the river system of the country. This study applied principal component analysis and principal factor analysis of Godavari river basin from two monitoring stations. The objective was to identify monitoring stations that are important in assessing annual variations of river water quality. Two stations were used for the evaluation of physical, chemical and biological parameters. Results show that 2 monitoring sites Godavari River water is polluting.[Full Text Article]
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