World Journal of
Pharmaceutical and Life Sciences

( An ISO 9001:2015 Certified International Journal )

An International Peer Reviewed Journal for Pharmaceutical and Life Sciences
An Official Publication of Society for Advance Healthcare Research (Reg. No. : 01/01/01/31674/16)
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Abstract

EPIDEMIOLOGICAL AND EVOLUTIONARY PROFILE OF TUBERCULOSIS PATIENTS MONITORED AT THE DIAGNOSTIC CENTER FOR TUBERCULOSIS AND RESPIRATORY DISEASES OF THE CITY OF MEKNES, MOROCCO

EL Ghazi Ibrahim*, Berni Imane, Menouni Aziza, Kestemont Marie-Paule, Amane Mohammed and EL Jaafari Samir

ABSTRACT

Objective: The objective of this research is to evaluate the epidemiological and evolutionary profile of tuberculosis in the city of Meknes (Morocco). Methods: This is a retrospective and descriptive study of the subjects followed at the Diagnostic Center for Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases of the Prefecture of Meknes, over a period of six years (January 2010- December 2015). Results: 4424 cases were collected, for an average annual incidence of 91 cases per 100,000 inhabitants. The average annual incidence in urban areas was 103 cases per 100,000 inhabitants compared to 77 in rural settings. Males (56.82%) were more affected than females (43.17%), with a sex ratio (M/F) of 1.31. The age group most frequently involved was 21-40 years (43.35%). Among the cases of tuberculosis of all forms, pulmonary tuberculosis predominates with 50.38% including 39.58% bacilloscoipe-positive versus 49.61% of the extrapulmonary form including 0.63% of the primary tuberculosis infection. Nodal and pleural tuberculosis accounted for 74.47% of extrapulmonary localizations. Conclusion: Tuberculosis represents a real health and socioeconomic problem for families and the health care structures that receive them. The incidence, evolution and severity of this infectious disease with inerhuman transmission must encourage us to conduct further research on this subject in order to find the most plausible solutions to reduce the negative repercussions.

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