World Journal of
Pharmaceutical and Life Sciences

( An ISO 9001:2015 Certified International Journal )

An International Peer Reviewed Journal for Pharmaceutical and Life Sciences
An Official Publication of Society for Advance Healthcare Research (Reg. No. : 01/01/01/31674/16)
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Abstract

REVIEW ON RADIO ACTIVE ISOTOPES AND ITS APPLICATIONS

D. Varshith*, B. Madhavakrishna, A. Padma, Dr. B. Venkateswara Reddy

ABSTRACT

The field of nuclear medicine uses radiation to provide diagnostic information about the functioning of humans or information on how to treat them. Tens of millions of nuclear medicine procedures are performed each year and the demand for radioisotopes for medical use is increasing rapidly. Isotopes which have atoms with identical atomic numbers but different mass numbers. Isotopes are available in naturally and stable. Some of A few naturally occurring isotopes and all of the man-made isotopes are unstable. Unstable isotopes can become stable by releasing different types of particles. This process is called radioactive decay and the elements which undergo this process are called radioisotopes/radionuclides. Stable and radioactive isotopes (radioisotopes) are utilized in a variety of medical and industrial applications ranging from diagnostic and therapeutic products to screening devices used to detect explosives and drugs. Isotopes are used to irradiate food and medical supplies to reduce bacterial levels and minimize spoilage. The present review describes that production of radio isotopes, applications of isotopes and therapeutic achievements of radioactive isotopes.

[Full Text Article]

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