World Journal of
Pharmaceutical and Life Sciences

An International Peer Reviewed Journal for Pharmaceutical and Life Sciences
An Official Publication of Society for Advance Healthcare Research (Reg. No. : 01/01/01/31674/16)
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Abstract

POLICY DIRECTION IN CONTROLLING RICE FIELD CONVERSION IN BALI PROVINCE WITH INTERPRETIVE STRUCTURAL MODELING APPROACH

Ni Luh Prima Kemala Dewi*, Made Antara, Dwi Putra Darmawan, and Widhianthini

ABSTRACT

Rice field conversion is one of the major constraints in implementing sustainable agriculture in the Province of Bali. This paper aims to formulate policy direction in controlling rice field conversion in the province. This aim is achieved by using Interpretive Structural Modeling (ISM) analysis method on 14 constraints of policy formulation. The ISM result suggests five main constraints that are prioritized to be solved immediately, namely (a) types and definition of incentives for farmers, (b) consistency in implementing Spatial and Regional Plan Regulation (RTRW), (c) productivity disparity, (d) population growth, and (e) water conflict between irrigation system (subak) and PDAM. Policy alternatives include ease in regulation for agricultural input procurement, agricultural output subsidy, price stability intervention, agricultural machinery and equipment assistance, favoring local products, development of agricultural technology, enforcement of Land for Sustainable Agriculture and Food (LP2B), RTRW, and water conflict laws and regulations. This study recommends several policy implications, namely, (1) involvement of subak and customary villages in formulating RTRW regulation; (2) revitalization of subak regulation; (3) development of incentive and disincentive mechanism; (4) management of existing rice fields; (5) implementation of LEISA concept; (6) assessment of interisland horticulture supply need; (7) formulation LP2B law at regency level; (8) formation of civil servant investigator institution at regional level to improve law enforcement for rice field conversion prevention.

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