MARKETING SYSTEM OF FISH LANDING CENTER IN CHITTAGONG COASTAL AREAS
Bikram Jit Roy*
Bikram Jit Roy*
The study was conducted during January, to December, 2013 from the eight fish landing center in west part of the coastal area at Chittagong district. To observed the fish marketing channel from root level fishermen data were collected at Gohira, Jahazghata, Katghor, Anandabazar, Kattoli, Kumira, Bashbaria and Sitakunda fish landing centers. In these coastal areas there are three fishing system observed, gill net fishing, set bag net fishing and pakua jal fishing. For gill net fishing local fishermen used 20 to 22 horse power mechanized boats mainly harvest national Hilsa fish ( Tenualosa ilisa) by traditional Tong Jal (fix small mesh drift gill net) and SMD (small mesh drift gill net). In set bag net fishing fishermen caught small juveniles of shrimp, fish, crab and others. In pakua jal fishing they mainly exploits Sargestive shrimp (Acetes spp.). Some times in this coastal areas used hooks and lines for capture Lady Fish. All fishing activities are in daily. Most of the fishermen get loan or dadan from the local elite which are called dadander and they are in rich in land and money. Most fishermen in these areas are needy. Maximum have no boats or nets and they works as daily labor and have 4 to 8 children. Only few fishermen have nets and boats. For the better living they get loan or dadan mainly before the starting of the Hilsa harvesting season and bound to sell the catch to the dadandar arat less the market value or 200/ taka less per mond(40 kg). In different fishing method marketing channel is mention below: for gill net fishing it starts from Fish farmer-Nikari- Piker – Aratdar- Retailer- Consumer (for hilsa fish). For set bag net fishing its starts Fish farmer- Aratdar- Piker- Retailer- Consumer (behundi net) and for pakua jal fishing starts from Fish farmer- Aratdar- Retailer- Consumer (Pakua net). Marketing channel depend on fishing season, fishing method, sharing of exploited fish and loan /dadon condition. But mainly marketing system depend on dadon system In these selected fish landing centers it was observed that marketing channel are same in few landing centers and some are found different in the study period.[Full Text Article]
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