World Journal of
Pharmaceutical and Life Sciences

( An ISO 9001:2015 Certified International Journal )

An International Peer Reviewed Journal for Pharmaceutical and Life Sciences
An Official Publication of Society for Advance Healthcare Research (Reg. No. : 01/01/01/31674/16)
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Abstract

THE NOVEL CORONAVIRUS (COVID-19) CAUSATIVE AGENT FOR HUMAN RESPIRATORY DISEASES

Pratik V. Malvade*, Rutik V. Malvade, Shubham P. Varpe and Prathamesh B. Kadu

ABSTRACT

The newly founded human coronavirus has named as Covid-19. The full form of Covid-19 is “Co-Corona, vi- virus and d- disease”. The Covid-19 is also named as 2019-nCoV because of it was firstly identified at the end of 2019. The coronavirus are the group of various types of viruses i.e. some have positive-sense, single stranded RNA and they are covered within the envelope made up of protein. Still now days seven human coronaviruses are identified are Nl 63, 229E, OC43, HKU1, SARS-CoV, MERS-CoV and latest Covid-19 also known as SARS-CoV-2. From above all, the SARS-CoV and MERS-CoV causes the highest outbreak but the outbreak of Covid-19 is much more than the other any virus. The coronavirus is easily transmitted from person-to-person and hence the World Health Organization called it the pandemic disease. The coronavirus firstly affects the lings of human causing Pneumonia. The major symptoms are cough, sore throat, breathlessness and complete body pain. This virus affects the leukocyte count and platelet count also. This virus affect many organ and organ systems of human body such as kidney, lungs, spleen, etc. and urinary system, Respiratory system. The diagnosis is done by the bacterial and fungal culture and also by the Real Time-PCR technique. The some symptomatic drug treatment are given such as Hydroxychloroquine (HCQ), Clotrimazole, Econazole, Amprenavir (Agenerase), Arbidol, etc. In future some vaccines are may available which are Leronlimab (PRO-140), mRNA vaccine, INO-4800, Remdesivir, etc. Avoid the meeting to infected person, avoid going to infected area, these are the some measures to control the viral infection. In this review article we included the all information about coronaviruses and Covid-19.

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