World Journal of
Pharmaceutical and Life Sciences

( An ISO 9001:2015 Certified International Journal )

An International Peer Reviewed Journal for Pharmaceutical and Life Sciences
An Official Publication of Society for Advance Healthcare Research (Reg. No. : 01/01/01/31674/16)
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Abstract

ALZHEIMER’S DISEASE: PHARMACOLOGICAL ASPECTS AND DRUG THERAPY

Diksha*, Anshul Chawla, Parminder Kaur and Rajwant kaur

ABSTRACT

Alzheimer?s disease (AD) is a neurodegenerative disease in which there is a progressive loss in the structure and function of neurons. In a neuron, myelin sheath is highly affected in this disease. AD mainly affects the older people and is the fourth largest cause of death. In AD, because of overactivity of APP secretase, activation of ?- and ?-pathways initiate that causes the overproduction of toxic amyloid species i.e. A? oligomers and amyloid plaques. The function of MAPs is to interact with tubulin and assemble them into microtubules to form a microtubule network. Dementia a chronic loss of cognition usually affecting memory and Alzheimer causes 50% to 80% of dementia causes. Molecular mechanisms underlying the pathophysiology of AD are still not known. Currently available drug therapies primarily consist of cholinesterase inhibitors and N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor antagonist approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and some neuroprotective agents. Various target specific drugs from natural, organic and inorganic origins are studied which with the help of animal models can be evaluated to show a potential in the treatment of AD. All these available drugs show only symptomatic relief but not treating the cause of this disease.

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