World Journal of
Pharmaceutical and Life Sciences

An International Peer Reviewed Journal for Pharmaceutical and Life Sciences
An Official Publication of Society for Advance Healthcare Research (Reg. No. : 01/01/01/31674/16)
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Abstract

MEASLES: A MAJOR HEALTH THREAT TO HUMAN KIDS OF MODERN ERA

Sahar Kainat, Sarah Farooq and Sikander Ali*

ABSTRACT

Measles is a highly contagious disease in human, caused by measles virus (MeV) and have higher mortality rate. Before the knowledge of measles vaccines it was reported that almost 98% children of 18 years old were a victim of measles. Recent studies showed that the rate of higher complications are among <5 to >20 years old. Measles can cause complications in the whole body and main symptoms are fever, maculo-papular skin rash with cough pneumonia, measles inclusion body encephalitis, gastroenteritis and blindness etc. these diseases are because MeV causes immunosuppression. This virus is transmitted by respiratory tract and can affect the systems of the body. The vaccination of measles was introduced in 1963 and vaccines contain a live weakened strain of MeV and great development has been advanced to increase international vaccination exposure to decrease measles. The school going children are likely to involve in spreading measles disease and the adults are likely to develop complications and finally results of laboratory examinations (recognition of anti-MeV IgM antibodies or viral RNA), tells the complexity of disease case. Yet, widespread broadcast continues in different areas of the world. It is a significant reason of infant death world-wide, with approximately more than 100,000 death cases occur every year. So accessibility of a very active and comparatively cheap vaccine can help to eradicate measles completely.

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