World Journal of
Pharmaceutical and Life Sciences

( An ISO 9001:2015 Certified International Journal )

An International Peer Reviewed Journal for Pharmaceutical and Life Sciences
An Official Publication of Society for Advance Healthcare Research (Reg. No. : 01/01/01/31674/16)
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Abstract

RISK FACTORS FOR CORONARY ARTERY DISEASES (CAD) IN A RURAL POPULATION OF WARANGAL DISTRICT

A. Shyam Sunder, Srinivas Ramaka, *Dr. Peeka Chiranjeevi, Velupula Nithin Paul and Ramavath Srinu

ABSTRACT

The aim of study was to analyse the cardiovascular risk factors by estimating metabolic syndrome at Warangal rural population in CAD patients. It is a disease in which there is a narrowing or blockage of the coronary arteries. The disease may cause chest pain, shortness of breath during exercise, and heart attacks. A total Sample Size of 700 (CAD Risk Factors) were studied. Among the total 700 population who participated in the study, 53.43% were male and 46.57% were female. Majority of people with risk factors, were in the age group of 50-60 years (n=700, 25.71%). 60.71% of them are having diabetes mellitus and 80.57% of them are having hypertension. In this study we found that the population got equally affected with Diabetes and Hypertension, hence the prevalence rate for these both factors found to be increased in total population of rural Warangal. We estimated metabolic syndrome with the help of NCEP ATP III guidelines. With the burgeoning coronary risk factors DM, HTN and Tobacco use in India, and with the UN GOAL of reducing premature mortality from Non-Communicable diseases by 25 % by 2025, the study assumes significance by focusing on a rural population in India. By identifying the lack of Access, Affordability and Availability to Medicare in general and cardiac care in particular, the study paves the way as a pilot study in RURAL TELANAGANA. Management of CAD risk factors as per evidence based guidelines is likely to improve the quality of life people for their wellbeing. All government, non-government and other voluntary health care organizations, ANM’s, GNM’s, DMHO’s, PHC’s must take the responsibility to educate patients regarding disease, knowledge, awareness, complications, blood glucose levels for better patient care and to improve health related quality of life.

[Full Text Article]

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