World Journal of
Pharmaceutical and Life Sciences

( An ISO 9001:2015 Certified International Journal )

An International Peer Reviewed Journal for Pharmaceutical and Life Sciences
An Official Publication of Society for Advance Healthcare Research (Reg. No. : 01/01/01/31674/16)
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Abstract

MUKHAPAKA WITH ITS MODERN ASPECT – A REVIEW LITERATURE

*Vd. Snehal U. Shelar and Vd. Kalpana S. Wakode

ABSTRACT

A poor oral health may have a profound effect on general health & several oral disease are related to chronic oral disease. In modern life style, excessive intake of fast food, cold drinks, spicy food, mixed type of food, acidic food, etc and addictions of chewing betel nut, gutkha, tobbaco, smoking, drinking alcohol, etc which are characterised as apthyakar in Ayurveda disturb the normal physiology of the body& causes many oral disease worldwide characterised by redness, ulceration in oral cavity with burning sensation, salivation & pain. Stomatitis occurs anywhere in the mouth including inside of the cheeks, gums, tongue, lips & palate. The symptoms degree from presence of mouth ulcer, redness & erosion of buccal mucosa, burning sensation, difficulty in chewing pungent & hot things & enlargement of sublingual & submandibular lymph nodes. In allopathic system of medicine various vitamins, systemic antibiotics, tetracyclines mouth wash, local application of thick layer of triamcinolone acetoride, local anti-inflammatory like orabase etc are being recommended in this disease. However ayurvedic treatment for this disease are safe, effective, cheap & non- toxic. Mukhapaka often called as “Sarvasara roga” is disease of oral cavity characterised in Ayurveda as the paka-avastha of oral mucosa & produes ulcer in oral cavity. Pitta dosha, Bodhak kapha, rakta & mamsa are the main dushya in Mukhapaka. According to Shushruta there are 65 mukharoga, which occurs at 7 locations such as lips, gums, teeth, tongue, palate, throat & oral cavity. The clinical symptoms of mukhapaka are comparable with stomatitis. To break this samprapti pitta doshahar, rakta prasadak, vranashodhak, vranaropak, shothahar chikitsa is essential.[1]

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