World Journal of
Pharmaceutical and Life Sciences

( An ISO 9001:2015 Certified International Journal )

An International Peer Reviewed Journal for Pharmaceutical and Life Sciences
An Official Publication of Society for Advance Healthcare Research (Reg. No. : 01/01/01/31674/16)
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Dr. Md Asad Iqubal* and Dr. D. K. Singh


Aim and objective: To evaluate the prevalence of oral mucosa lesions among diabetic patients in, Bihar, India. Material and Method: A cross- sectional observational study was conducted among diabetic patients (n=150), aged between 10-70 years, who visited a dental college during a three month period. They were interviewed regarding the history of diabetes mellitus, any abusive habits like smoking, chewing tobacco or alcoholism. Patients with type I and II diabetes were included in the study. Smokers, ex-smokers, alcoholics and patients with immunosuppressant disease associated with diabetes were excluded from the study. Gingival and periodontal diseases were not taken into account. Result: Among the 150 diabetic patients, 100 (67%) were females and 50 (33%) males. Most of them were between the age group of 55-70 years. Most of the patients (114, 76%) subjects had oral mucosal lesions. Denture stomatitis observed in 36 (24%), followed by angular chelitis in 22 (14.6%), fissured tongue in 18 (12%), lingual varicosities in 14 (9.3%), sialolith among 10(6.6%), xerostomia in 8 (5.3%) and oral lichen planus in 6 (4%) subjects. Conclusion: Denture stomatitis, angular cheilitis, fissured tongue and lingual varices are the common oral lesions; mostly associated with type II diabetes.

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