World Journal of
Pharmaceutical and Life Sciences

( An ISO 9001:2015 Certified International Journal )

An International Peer Reviewed Journal for Pharmaceutical and Life Sciences
An Official Publication of Society for Advance Healthcare Research (Reg. No. : 01/01/01/31674/16)
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Tayyeba Qandeel, Tuqeer Arshad and Usman Ali*


Objective; To determine the types of organism detected in empyema thoracis and their susceptibility pattern. Methodology; This cross sectional study was carried out at Medical Department of Sheikh Zayed Hospital, Rahim Yar Khan during July 2017 to December 2017. In this study, the cases with empyema thoracic of any duration were selected. The cases were included irrespective of the gender and having adult range of age i.e. > 12 years. The cases having immunocompromised state or on chemotherapy were excluded. The samples obtained by pleural fluid aspiration were inoculated on Mac-conkey agar, 5% sheep blood agar and were stained for gram staining and were further processed for detection and isolation of different organisms on standard techniques. Results; In this study, there were total 40 cases with positive culture result with mean age of 41.23±9.77 year and mean duration of symptoms was 15.13±3.46 days. There were 60% males and 40% females. The most common organism detected was Klebsiella spp. which was observed in 12 (30%) of the cases followed by Pseudomonas aeruginosa which was observed in 9 (22.5%) of the cases. Staphylococcus aureus was see in 6 (15%) of the cases with enterobactriacae and Escherichia Coli in 10% cases each. Streptococcus Pneumonia and Proteus Mirabilis was seen in 2 (5%) cases each. Conclusion; The most common organism detected in empyema thoracic is Klebsiella followed by Pseudomonas aeruginosa.

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