World Journal of
Pharmaceutical and Life Sciences

( An ISO 9001:2015 Certified International Journal )

An International Peer Reviewed Journal for Pharmaceutical and Life Sciences
An Official Publication of Society for Advance Healthcare Research (Reg. No. : 01/01/01/31674/16)
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Dr. Virender Gombra*, Dr. Deepti Shukla, Dr. Mandeep Kaur, Dr. Shamimul Hasan and Dr. Arpita Rai


Background: The objective of this pilot study was to evaluate the correlation between temporomandibular disorders and static malocclusion among patients reporting with symptoms of temporomandibular disorders. Methods: In this case control study, 50 patients (both male and female gender) were enrolled from outpatient department and divided into 2 groups. The 25 patients in Group I were diagnosed with temporomandibular disorder (TMD) and 25 patients in group 2 were diagnosed not to be suffering from TMD. The age range for both groups was between 16 to 50 years. Research Diagnostic criteria Axis -1 (RDC/TMD) was used for diagnosis of TMD in group 1. First molar relationship with static occlusion features of overjet, overbite, open bite, edge to edge bite and cross bite were considered for diagnosis of malocclusion for both group 1 and 2. Chi square test was performed for data analysis. Results: Chi square test analysis for group 1 (TMD) and group 2 (without TMD) result showed that, the observed p value was 0.777, which is not lesser than the 0.05. Hence, there is no statistical significant correlation between the TMD disorder and malocclusion. Conclusion: Our study showed no correlation between malocclusion and temporomandibular disorders. Longitudinal studies including both static and dynamic malocclusion and skeletal malocclusion should be planned in future to further evaluate the role of occlusal status with temporomandibular disorders.

[Full Text Article]




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