World Journal of
Pharmaceutical and Life Sciences

( An ISO 9001:2015 Certified International Journal )

An International Peer Reviewed Journal for Pharmaceutical and Life Sciences
An Official Publication of Society for Advance Healthcare Research (Reg. No. : 01/01/01/31674/16)
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Abstract

COPROSCOPIC PREVALENCE OF MAJOR TREMATODE INFECTIONS OF CATTLE IN AND AROUND BAHIR DAR

Dr. Assefa Dires, *Dr. Gashaw Getaneh, Dr. Tesfa Mussie

ABSTRACT

A cross sectional study was conducted from November 2013 to March 2014 in Bahir Dar veterinary clinic to determine the coproscopic prevalence of major trematode infections in cattle. A total of 384 cattle were included in this coproscopic study using the sedimentation technique for the recovery of fluke eggs from freshly collected fecal sample directly from their rectum. The results indicated that 337 cattle were found to be positive for fluke eggs with overall prevalence of 87.8%. Flukes recorded were Paramphistoms (38.8%) followed by Schistosomes (26.6%), and Fasciola spp (22.4%). Coproscopic examination further showed that from the total of 384 faecal samples of cattle examined, 106 (27.6 %) were positive for mixed trematode infections. Of the prevalence of mixed infections of cattle, Fasciola with Paramphistomum was found to be very common. In most cases, there was no a statistically significant variation between fluke infections and associated risk factors. The result of the present study revealed that the prevalence of cattle fluke infection in the study area was relatively high. It could be concluded that cattle trematodes are major obstacles for livestock production and productivity in the study area by inflicting direct and indirect production losses. Therefore, strategic applications of effective flukicides and keep cattle away from potentially dangerous water habitats were recommended as control measures.

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