World Journal of
Pharmaceutical and Life Sciences

( An ISO 9001:2015 Certified International Journal )

An International Peer Reviewed Journal for Pharmaceutical and Life Sciences
An Official Publication of Society for Advance Healthcare Research (Reg. No. : 01/01/01/31674/16)
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Abu* O.D., Alegun O. and Ojo A.U.


Aim: To investigate the pancreatotoxicity of ethanol extract of Dialium guineense stem bark in Wistar rats. Materials and Methods: Wistar rats (n = 35) weighing 160 to 180 g were randomly assigned to seven groups (5 rats per group). One group served as control, while rats in the treatment groups received varied doses of the extract (200 - 5000 mg/kg body weight, bwt) for 28 days. Indices of pancreatic function were measured. Results: Percentage increases in body weights of rats treated with ethanol extract of D. guineense stem bark were significantly reduced, relative to the control group (p < 0.05), but there were no significant differences in the relative pancreas weights among the groups (p > 0.05). Treatment with the extract did not elicit any significant differences in the activities of ?-amylase as well as pancreatic malondialdehyde (MDA) level among the groups (p > 0.05). Similarly, the extract did not significantly alter the normal architecture of rat pancreas. Conclusion: The results obtained in this study have shown for the first time that the plant extract is not toxic to rat pancreas.

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