World Journal of
Pharmaceutical and Life Sciences

( An ISO 9001:2015 Certified International Journal )

An International Peer Reviewed Journal for Pharmaceutical and Life Sciences
An Official Publication of Society for Advance Healthcare Research (Reg. No. : 01/01/01/31674/16)
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Abstract

COMMUNITY BASED PROSPECTIVE STUDY ON METABOLIC SYNDROME IN RELATION TO ASSOCIATED LIFESTYLE PRACTICES

Vanga Varshitha*, Ummarha Mahmeen, Rauth Sachin, Borgia Venkatesh and Dr. R. Sandhya Rani

ABSTRACT

Background: The metabolic syndrome is characterized by clustering of risk factors, which predisposes subjects to increased risk of diabetes and cardiovascular disease. Objectives of our study were to estimate prevalence of the metabolic syndrome and determine the relation and association of risk factors with the metabolic syndrome, to understand the influence of unhealthy life style pattern with existing co-morbidities. Methodology: Prospective study, community-based study conducted from April 2021-june 2021. A total of 234 subjects were included in the study. A total of 132 samples are exhibiting positive results from calculating risk meters including BMI, WC, Family history, Past/Present illness, Diet, Physical activity, behavioural factors and socioeconomic status excluding biochemical tests. Results: The total numbers of male subjects included in the study were 73 whereas female subjects are 56. The prevalence of the metabolic syndrome was 31.4% and 24.6% using WHO and AHA/NHLBI criteria respectively. Risk factors were age above 35 years, family history of diabetes, CVS and body mass index (BMI) above 23.9 kg/m2. Both Healthy diet and physical activity was not practiced by 21.3% which plays a major role to prevent Metabolic syndrome. Conclusion: The prevalence of the metabolic syndrome was high in selected population in Hyderabad, Telangana India. Higher BMI and low intake of fruits and vegetables are modifiable by life style modification. Following sedentary life style which in future plays a role to develop metabolic syndrome. Subjects are considered at risk to have Metabolic syndrome when they have comorbid conditions, family history, unhealthy life style practice, then the prevalence of Metabolic syndrome in selected population is 56.4%.

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