World Journal of
Pharmaceutical and Life Sciences

( An ISO 9001:2015 Certified International Journal )

An International Peer Reviewed Journal for Pharmaceutical and Life Sciences
An Official Publication of Society for Advance Healthcare Research (Reg. No. : 01/01/01/31674/16)
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Abstract

EVALUATE OF KNOWLEDGE, ATTITUDE AND PRACTICE OF JORDANIAN PHARMACISTS TOWARD MEDICATIONS INTERACTIONS

Aisha Al Kalaila* and Alaa Yasin

ABSTRACT

Introduction: The problem of drug interactions has recently attracted the attention of many medical communities around the world. A huge number of medications are introduced each year and more interactions with new drugs are being reported. Medication interactions have been associated with higher rates of adverse reactions, morbidity and mortality. Therefore, The ability to identify potentially harmful drug interactions is an important part of the pharmacist's role. Object: To asses pharmacists experiences, practice and attitude against medications, food and disease interactions. Method: Online cross-sectional study was conducted among pharmacists from April 2022 to Jun 2022. A total of 110 pharmacists involved in this study. All pharmacists who meet the inclusion criteria were selected using a random sampling method . The pretested structured self-administered questionnaires was usesd to collect data. The collected data coded, entered, and analyzed using (SPSS) version 21.0. The questionnaire was structured into seven sections with 37 questions that focused in sociodemographic characteristics, : attitude and practice of participants regarding drug interactions, knowledge of respondents toward informed of drug interaction, knowledge of respondent toward pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic of drug interaction, pharmacists knowledge regarding medication interaction, pharmacists knowledge regarding food interaction, pharmacists knowledge regarding disease interaction and knowledge of respondents toward affecting of time to some drugs. Result: 110 pharmacists participated in this study with only 100 competed the questionnaire. The majority of respondents was male (62%). 72% of the were less than 40 years old. Only 5% of respondents took a decision when they see any drug-drug interaction in any prescription. 7% of them did not check drug –drug. only 5% of them knew the interaction between cyclosporine and itraconazole.34% of them know the interaction between captopril and food More than half of them know the affecting of time toward carbamazepin. Conclusion: this study showed a good attitude and practice of pharmacist toward medicine interactions. But their knowledge about medicine interaction is very week. So, Jordanian government and ministry of health should introduce continues education program about drug interactions to the pharmacists to increase their knowledge.

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