World Journal of
Pharmaceutical and Life Sciences

( An ISO 9001:2015 Certified International Journal )

An International Peer Reviewed Journal for Pharmaceutical and Life Sciences
An Official Publication of Society for Advance Healthcare Research (Reg. No. : 01/01/01/31674/16)
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Abstract

USES OF BIOINFORMATICS IN THE DIFFERENT DISCIPLINES AND PLATFORMS USED

Julia San Miguel Rodríguez*, Julita Rodríguez Barbero, Angel San Miguel Hernández, Angel San Miguel Rodríguez and María San Miguel Rodríguez

ABSTRACT

Bioinformatics is a scientific science that uses information technologies to organize, analyze and distribute biological information to solve complex questions in the area of biology. It is a multidisciplinary research area, as it can be conceived as the interface between computer science and biology. It allows to research, develop and apply computer and computational tools to allow and improve the handling of biological data. One of its applications is the management of the automation of diagnostic technologies. DNA repeats are located in both gene and intergenic regions and are classified into sparse and tandem repeats. Interleaved repeat DNA with broad repeats is made up of sequences that are repeated thousands of times in the genome but in a sparse manner. And tandem repeat DNA is about repeats of identical sequences that are arranged one after the other. These repetitions will be classified according to the length of the unit that is repeated and the number of repetitions that occur of that unit. Comparative Genomics is based on the study of the relationship between the structure and function of the genome through different species or strains. It is responsible for comparing gene and protein sequences from different genomes to explain functional and evolutionary relationships. DNA sequencing is the set of biochemical methods and techniques that have the purpose of determining the order of nucleotides (A, C, G and T) in a DNA oligonucleotide. The DNA sequence makes up the heritable genetic information that forms the basis for the development of living things. Signal analysis is based on the identification of characteristic sequence motifs of the elements that make up genes. One of the most widely used databases in Bioinformatics is the sequence database. It is a collection of DNA, protein and other sequences, which are stored in computers. These databases can include sequences from a single organism or can include sequences from all organisms. Cross-references are marks that reference or link to another place in the document at a certain point in the document. The benefits of cross-referencing long documents are significant and numerous.

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