World Journal of
Pharmaceutical and Life Sciences

( An ISO 9001:2015 Certified International Journal )

An International Peer Reviewed Journal for Pharmaceutical and Life Sciences
An Official Publication of Society for Advance Healthcare Research (Reg. No. : 01/01/01/31674/16)
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Abstract

INTRACELLULAR AND EXTRACELLULAR FLUID ELECTROLYTES LEVEL IN LEAVES OF TYPHA LATIFOLIA (TYPHACEAE)

Mohammed Idris*, Rabilu Ibrahim and Ahmad Alin Baffa

ABSTRACT

This research was designed to devise the economic importance of Typha latifolia‘s leaf to chemical industries in order to overcome its proliferation in Hadeijia-Komadugu river by determining the qualitative phytochemicals present in the extracts, and evaluating the level of extracellular and intracellular fluid electrolytes in Typha latifolia leaves. This plant is use traditionally to treat cuts, wounds, burns and abnormal menstrual bleeding. The sample was collected from river Garbi, Nguru LGA, Yobe State, Nigeria, air dried and subjected to analysis. Total of 200g coarsely powdered leaves were soxhlet extracted using two solvents of different polarities; Petroleum ether and methanol. The extracts yields 3.7%w/w, 8.9%w/w, and 97.3%w/w for petroleum ether extract, methanol extract and marc respectively, upon subjection to phytochemical screening, the results indicates presence of Alkaloids, Flavonoids, Cardiac Glycosides, Terpenoids, Tannins, Phenols and Steroids in all the extracts while Saponins was only present in methanol extract but quinones, sterols and carbohydrates are absent in all the extracts. The electrolytes concentrations showed Potassium 765.33 ± 0.99?g/g and Phosphate 198.60 ± 0.79?g/g, while Sulphate, Chloride, Sodium, Magnesium, Calcium and Lead had 12.36 ± 0.89 ?g/g, 0.37 ± 0.06 ?g/g, 11.62 ± 0.39 ?g/g, 98.84 ±0.55 ?g/g, 35.88 ± 0.52 ?g/g and 0.36 ± 0.03 ?g/g respectively. Presence of cationic and anionic electrolyte in the leaves of Typha latifolia made it a very good source for intracellular and extracellular fluid electrolytes hence it’s important in controlling their movement and that of phytochemical for its pharmacological properties.

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